Under PMAY (G)
A sum of Rs. 138000/- per family is provided to SECC 2011 DATA families who do not have their own pucca house, so that they may construction pucca house for better living conditions.The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act aims at enhancing the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing hundred days of wage-employment [at] Rs. 277/- per person days in a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
Since 1987-88, the department in the O/o Additional Deputy Commissioner, Jind is promoting generation of power from renewable energy sources, like solar energy (in the form of Solar Power Plants), Bio Energy, Wind Energy etc. Department is also promoting use of renewable energy through decentralized application’s like Home Lighting, Solar Cookers Solar Tubewells, On Grid & Off Grid Power plants, Solar Water Heating system, Biogas Plants etc. on applicable subsidy basis. The Department is also acting as a State Designated Agency for the implementation of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 in the State.
The Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014. The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) scheme aims to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019.
The main objectives of the mission are as under
- Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation.
- Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat .
- Motivate Communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions to adopt sustainable sanitation practices and facilities through awareness creation and health education.
- Encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
- Develop wherever required, Community managed sanitation systems focusing on scientific Solid & Liquid Waste Management systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
The Incentive amount provided under SBM(G) to Below Poverty Line (BPL) /identified APLs households is Rs.12,000 for construction of one unit of IHHL.
Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme started at 23 December 1993. The objective of the scheme is to enable MPs to recommend works of development nature. The MPLAD is a plan Scheme fully funded by Govt. of India. The annual MPLAD fund entitlement per MP constituency is Rs. 5 Crore. The works done under MPLAD Scheme are drinking water facility, Education, Electricity Facility, Health & Family Welfare, Irrigation facility, Non- Conventional Energy Sources, Railway Roads, Pathways & Bridges, Sanitation & Public Heath, Sports, Works Relating to Animal Husbandary, Diary & Fishries, Agriculture work & Other Public Facilities like Community Centres etc.
District Plan Scheme
It was started in 2008-09. Before 2008, it was known as D–Centralized Plan. Generally, work proposals under this scheme are based on local needs, & asked from Rural Local Bodies and Urban Local Bodies within the district to form a Draft Plan. District Development and Monitoring Committee (DDMC) approve the works in the House Meeting from this Draft Plan against the funds sanctioned for the district. Priorities are given to the works of undeveloped / backward areas depending upon their urgency and importance. All approved works have to complete within the same financial year. Types of schemes/ works taken under this scheme are illustrated in the table given below.
|Permissible Works||Non-Permissible Works|
The Swarnjayanti Gram SwarozgarYojana (SGSY) was a flagship programme of the Ministry of Rural Development. It was started in 1999 and was restructured in FY 2010-11 for implementation as the National Rural Livelihoods Mission. The SGSY aimed at providing sustainable income to rural BPL households through income generating assets/economic activities in order to bring them out of poverty.
Evaluation of the SGSY by National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD), Bankers Institute of Rural Development (BIRD) and several others institutions showed mixed results.
Out of estimated 25 million households organized into SHGs until 2010, only 22% succeeded in accessing bank credit. The studies showed that there were significant variations in the extent of mobilization of poor SHGs and the quality of their operation. The one-off assetization programme focusing on single livelihood activity did not meet multiple livelihood requirements of the poor. Often, the capital investment was provided up-front as a subsidy, without adequate investment in social mobilization or group formation.
Furthermore, uneven geographical spread of SHGs, high attrition rates among members of SHGs, and lack of adequate banking sector response impeded the program performance. Several states did not fully invest the funds received under SGSY. This fact indicated a lack of proper delivery systems and dedicated efforts for skill training and building capacity for resource absorption among the rural poor. There was a considerable mismatch between program capacity and program requirements. Absence of collective institutions in the form of SHG federations precluded the poor from accessing higher order support services for productivity enhancement, marketing linkages or risk management.
It is in this context that the Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Government of India (GoI) constituted a Committee on Credit Related Issues under SGSY (under the Chairmanship of Prof. Radhakrishna) to examine various aspects of the scheme implementation. The Committee recommended adoption of a ‘Livelihoods Approach’ to rural poverty elimination. The approach encompassed the following four inter-related tasks:
- Mobilizing poor households into functionally effective SHGs and their federations
- Enhancing access to bank credit and financial, technical and marketing services
- Building capacities and skills for gainful and sustainable livelihoods development
- Converging various schemes for efficient delivery of social and economic support services to poor households
The government accepted the recommendation of the Committee and restructured SGSY into National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) in FY 2010-11 to provide a sharper and greater focus as well as momentum for poverty reduction. The decision also aimed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) by 2015. The Framework for Implementation for N.R.L.M was approved by the Ministry on 9th December, 2010 and the Mission was formally launched on 3rd June, 2011.
NRLM implementation is in a Mission Mode. This enables (a) shift from the present allocation based strategy to a demand driven strategy enabling the states to formulate their own livelihoods-based poverty reduction action plans, (b) focus on targets, outcomes and time bound delivery, (c) continuous capacity building, imparting requisite skills and creating linkages with livelihoods opportunities for the poor, including those emerging in the organized sector, and (d) monitoring against targets of poverty outcomes. As NRLM follows a demand driven strategy, the States have the flexibility to develop their livelihoods-based perspective plans and annual action plans for poverty reduction. The overall plans would be within the allocation for the state based on inter-se poverty ratios.
NRLM Mission is “To reduce poverty by enabling the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots institutions of the poor.”
NRLM Guiding Principles are
- Poor have a strong desire to come out of poverty, and they have innate capabilities
- Social mobilization and building strong institutions of the poor is critical for unleashing the innate capabilities of the poor.
- An external dedicated and sensitive support structure is required to induce the social mobilization, institution building and empowerment process.
- Facilitating knowledge dissemination, skill building, access to credit, access to marketing, and access to other livelihoods services underpins this upward mobility.
NRLM Values are the core values which guide all the activities under NRLM are as follows:
- Inclusion of the poorest, and meaningful role to the poorest in all the processes
- Transparency and accountability of all processes and institutions
- Ownership and key role of the poor and their institutions in all stages – planning, implementation, and, monitoring
- Community self-reliance and self-dependence
At least one woman member from each identified rural poor household, is to be brought under the Self Help Group (SHG) network in a time bound manner. Special emphasis is particularly on vulnerable communities such as manual scavengers, victims of human trafficking, Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) and bonded labour. NRLM has devised special strategies to reach out to these communities and help them graduate out of poverty.