The district has fairly large number of live stock including cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, horses, ponnies, donkeys, pigs & poultry. The lives stock population of the district according to survey was about 6.72558 Lacs. The following table gives tehsil-wise relative figures.
* (In Hundred)
Poultry:- 10472 (Backyard)
Live stock wealth is an index to the country’s prosperity. In a state where the holdings are small and fragmented and the collective and co-operative farming is practically non-existant, cattle form the backbone of economy. Agricultural and live stock improvement programme go hand in hand for revolutionizing the economy. The essential equipment of the farmer used to be a pair of oxen/ buffaloes to do the ploughing and to draw the cart. Even though the bullocks have been replaced by tractors, yet the importance of cattle in agriculture economy remains almost unchanged on account of the yield of milk, manure, skins and hides.
The district is well known for Murrah breed of buffaloes and Haryana breed of cows. Thousands of good quality Murrah buffaloes are exported annually to the Metropolitan cities. The Cows are mainly kept for breeding calves and partly on religious grounds. Murrah buffaloes are amongst the most efficient milk and butter-fat producers in India.
The figures of Artificial Insemination done and Calves born year-wise are given as under:-
|Year||Artificial Insemination – Cows||Artificial Insemination – Buffaloes||Calves Born – Cows||Calves Born – Buffaloes|
Scheme For Preservation Of Murrah Breed Of Buffaloesh Breed Of Buffaloes
Gaushalas, according to the old concept, were the institutions opened under religious sentiments to house the unproductive and useless Cattle and were run on charity. To give a new meaning to the old concept, an idea was mooted to convert these institutions into cattle breeding-cum-milk production centres with some financial assistance and technical guidance.
- Shri Sawami Gaurakshanand Gaushala Jindan Johar Safidon
- Gaushala Association Safidon Mandi
- Rashtriya Gaushala Dharoli
- Shri Aarsh Mahavidhyalya Gurukul Gaushala Kalwa
- Dada Ramchar Tirth and Bharat Sewa Samiti Danoda
- Baba Jamininaath Gaushala Seva Samiti Tharodi
- Aadrhs Gaushala, Gauraksha Dal Dhanori
- Shri Karan Gaushala, Uchana Khurd
- Baba Dilip Giri Gaushala, Baroda
- Somnath Gaushala Jind
- Shri Gaushala Jind
- Gopal Gau Sadan Jind
- Shri Balaji Gaushala Jind
- Shri Sawami Goraksha Gaushala Julana
- Shri Krishan Gaushala Nagura
- Shri Krishan Gaushala Samiti Pandu Pindara
- Baba Gaushai Khera Gaushala, Gaushai Khera
- Baba Sukhdev Muni Gaushala Dhani Ramgarh
- Madan Mohan Tirth Gaushala Muana
- Baba Mastnath Lawarish Pashupidit Gau Sewa Sangh Jind
Gaushalas at S.No. 1 and 2 are maintaining a herd of pure breed of Haryana. They are doing a yeoman service for the preservation and maintenance of almost vanishing breed of Haryana Cows. To encourage such Gaushalas, Grant-in-aid is being given by Govt. of Haryana and Govt. of India.ovt. of India.
Common Animal Diseases
The common animal diseases prevalent in the district are foot & mouth disease, Haemorrhagic septicemia, Surra and Parasitic diseases both internal and external.
Foot and mouth disease
it is Locally known as”muh khur”, it generally occurs during the Winter season. In the initial stage which lasts for three-four days there is watery discharge from the mouth. There are lesions in the mouth, inside the hoof. This disease, though not fatal, is contagious and spreads through contact. It also causes great economic losses by reducing milk yield of lactating animals and disabling the working cattle. Regular arrangements for treatment of effected cattle exist at all Veterinary institutions. To check this disease, preventive Vaccination is carried out in cattle and buffaloes. FMDCP Programme was initiated in year 2003 1st phase 19th phase running No case of FMD seen from 2003.
Total 934910 number of animals vaccinated against HAEMORRHAGIC SEPTICALMIAORRHAGIC SEPTICALMIA disease during the year- 2014-15.
this is Locally known as sitla is an acute febrile and highly contageous disease affecting cattle and buffaloes. There is 100% mortality in affected animals.
District Jind and Haryana State as a whole has been declared as Rinderpest free state. No case of Rinderpest disease has been reported for the last ten years. This had been possible by immunizing the whole population of the state by the field Veterinarians and by setting check posts on State borders where the out going in coming animals were also vaccinated.
Treatment of cattle disease
treatment of cattle disease are the preventive and Curative measures are taken up the Animal Husbandry Department to combat various types of disease.
Number of cases treated against various disease during the year 1997-98, 235867, 1998-99, 269158 and 1999-2000, 222807 No serious out break of any particulars disease has been reported from this area since 1998.
Traditionally dairy farming had been in the hands of small farmers and landless agricultural laborers in the villages. The more affluent farmers kept cattle for their own needs. Milk and ghee were not adulterated.
With the increase in population and fast urbanization the demand for milk and milk products has gone up and the traditional dairy farming has been revolutionized into modern dairy farming.
Jind district is a part of the tract famous for Murrah Buffaloes and Haryana Cows and so occupies an important place in the development of dairying in the state. Keeping in view the locational advantage, the first milk plant of the state was set up at Jind which started functioning on 5th December, 1970.
This was the beginning of the white Revolution era in the state. This plant has the handling capacity of 50,000 Litres of milk per day and manufactures “VITA” brand of ghee, butter milk power etc which are popular throughout- the country for their good quality.