In the past only cottage industries like gold and silver
smitheries, carpentry, oil pressing, tanning and leather
working, pottery , weaving and stamping of cloth existed. The
Chhimba’s (stampers) in Jind and Safidon stamped coarse country
cloth like razais (quilts) toshaks (bed cloth) jajam (floor
cloth and chint. Raja Raghbir Singh (1864-1887) of erstwhile
Jind State took a keen interest in encouraging local arts and
manufacturers. He sent various workmen in gold, silver, wood,
etc. to Roorki (UP) and other places to learn the higher
branches of their crafts.
mineral wealth of the district is confined to saltpetre, kankar
and stone. Crude saltpetre was prepared in many places in the
district and was refined in state refineries at Jind and Safidon,
which were opened by the ruler of erstwhile princely Jind State.
Towards the close of the 19th century or in
the beginning of the 20th century, two cotton-ginning factories
were opened at Narwana and Jind. The district did not make much
headway in the industrial sphere up to the Independence or
rather up to the formation of Haryana.
1966, there were only 3 important units for the manufacture of
cycles, clinical laboratory thermometers and water pipefitting.
emergence of Haryana as a separate State in 1966, began the real
process of industrialization in the district. Several
small-scale industrial units for the manufacture of radio and
electrical good, fabrication of cement jallis, soap and candles
etc. were set up in urban areas. Some more important units
manufacturing agricultural implements, chemicals, thermometers,
surgical cotton, foundries, screws, plastic products,
paper-board, coke briquettes, etc. were established after 1968.
The first large-scale industrial unit was the Milk Plant at
Jind, which came into existence in 1970. Another unit for the
manufacture of steel products was set up in 1973. Industry in
the district received a further fillip with the establishment of
a cattle feed plant in 1974.
important units engaged in manufacturing of items such as
surgical cotton, bio-coal, rice mills, handloom & weaving
tractor bushes, water taps, bread, biscuits, wooden & steel
furniture, cotton yarn, medicines, leather chemicals, PVC Pipes,
washing powder & soap, tin container, railway components i.e.
rail elastic clips, oil refinery, vanspati ghee, sprinklers
leather shoes, electric madhani, ceiling fans, cooler & general
rep., foundries, tyre resole-retreading, plastic dhana, hand
made papers, cattle feed & poultry feed, gypsum board, disposal
syringes & needles, printing paper, flour mils & LPG storage &
bottling have also come into existance.
Jind was the first modern dairy plant set up in public sector by
Haryana Dairy Development Corporation in 1971 with the objective
to provide market for surplus milk in the state. Haryana is rich
in milk production and surplus milk in the state can play vital
role in improving socio-economic conditions of farmers in
general and that of landless farmers in particular. As an
outcome of pursuance of its objective, it has also made pure,
safe & wholesome milk products available to the urban consumer
at reasonable rate while at the same time ensuring attractive
price of milk to farmers.
18 acres of land in Jind district, the plant with a capacity to
process one Lac liter of milk per day manufactures VITA milk
products. Collection of milk from districts of Jind, Hisar and
Fatehabad is done through network of Cooperative societies in
villages from where fresh milk is transported to the plant every
morning and evening. This milk is converted into premium quality
milk powder, ghee, paneer and polypack milk for sale in Delhi
and other areas.
the plant is being managed by milk union, Jind which is member
of Haryana Dairy Development Co-operative Federation Ltd. and
has membership of 600 village Co-operative Societies. More than
20000 families largely consisting of farmers having small land
and holdings are the beneficiaries of its operations. Its
existence and active intervention has ensured attractive return
to the milk producers and facilities like supply of cattle feed
and seed etc.
In the milk
ahead area, there are 805 villages and estimated daily milk
production is 25.46 Lacs liters per day, out of which 6.62 Lacs
liters is marketable surplus. The plant has planned to increase
its handling capacity to 2 Lacs liters of milk per day by 2004.
During last three years, performance of Plant & Union has been
as under: -
1. Average Milk procured
2. Average price paid to
3. No. of Society
4. No. of Members
5. Milk Powder Production
6. Ghee Production(MT)
7. Paneer Production(MT)
8. Cattle feed sale(MT)
To meet the
demand of milk in Jind city as a result of rapid urbanization,
the plant has started supply of polyback milk in Jind. With the
help of local administration process of setting up milk booths
in different localities has been initiated. This will ensure
availability of unadulterated and wholesome milk and milk
products to the consumers at reasonable price.
capacity 125 tons sugarcane
Rs. 1140.64 Lacs
1,94,515 Gunny bags
22.15 Lacs Quintal
of Sugar in 1,81,796 Gunny Bags
21.00 Lacs Quintal
Sugar 8.64 %
The mills provide interest free loan for seed of sugarcane. 25%
Subsidy is provided for seed and land treatment. Three hot air
units have been established in the mill for free seed treatment.
The mill has 23,159 acar land under Sugarcane for the year
The mill have a loss of Rs. 484.94 Lacs in the year 1999-2000
due to less recovery of Sugar and increase of Sugarcane rate.
About 1000 people have been given employment by the mill.
The mill achieved third position in the Country in the year
1991-92. It achieved first position of technical skill in the
year 1992-93, 1993-94 and 1995-96 and second position in the
The cattle feed plant was set
up in 1974 with a capital investment of Rs. 47.30 lacs. It is a
limited concern in the public sector under Haryana State
Co-operative Supply and Marketing Federation Ltd. Chandigarh,
with an installed capacity of 5 tonnes per hour. The raw
material for the plant is obtained from the markets of Haryana,
Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pardesh and Bombay. The cattle feed
produced in the plant is marketed all over Haryana.
The unit is working properly. The unit has increased the
investment. At present the total capital investment of Plant &
Machinery in Rs. 38.85 Lacs & has provided employment to 58
persons having the production capacity of 312.75 Lacs. The
demand of item has increased in the rural areas owing to fast
increasing in the population of livestock & the product has
achieved popularity among the villagers.
This unit was commissioned at
Zafargarh, in 1973 with a capital investment of Rs. 117.50 Lacs.
It is private limited company with an installed capacity of
19,000 tonnes of steel wires per annum.
Agricultural Implements: -
The manufacturing of
agricultural implements was on a small scale as well as on
cottage level. The small scale units manufacture harrows,
ploughs, wheat threshers, persian wheels, levellers coulters
etc. and are located at Jind, Narwana, Julana and Safidon.
large number of units engaged in manufacturing of agricultural
implements such as harrows, trolley, cultivater, land leveler,
wheat thresher Cart, plough have also increased. The demand for
these items remains constant in the market. The modern age is
the age of machinery. Better Agricultural machinery is used for
better crops & cultivation of land.
There were three units at
Safidon for the manufacture of blankets and loies in 1974-75.
These units got their raw material from Panipat. Their installed
capacity was about Rs. 5 Lacs and they gave employment to 20
persons on a regular basis and to about 50 female workers on a
part time basis.
Narwana & Pillukhera are the 3 blocks in which woolen blankets
loi are knitted through khadi system. There is no power loom for
blankets manufacturing. The other khadi units are working in
this district, which provided employment to 300 persons.
Industrial Thermometers: -
three units at Jind engaged in the production of thermometers in
1974-75. These units employed 20 persons and produced
thermometers worth Rs. 2.50 lakh. Their product is sold in the
market of Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mysore and Madras.
were set up in this distt. for thermometers manufacturing. But
at present these have ceased functioning .
There are three units in the
district which are engaged in the production of weights and
measures, weighing scales anges for diesel engines and
There are foundries in
Narwana block, which are manufacturing Toka Machines (chaff
cutter), which are operated manually & with power operated.
These units have provided employment to 300 persons.
The demand for steel
boxes drums & sewing machines covers were increased. Trunk-Petties
are cheapest mode of transportation & from safety point of view.
The sewing machines covers have also demand in the market.
Because in the rural areas, the people prefer the steel almirah
chair table, folding bed etc. There are about 150 units, which
are providing employment to 600 persons. The total investment
is 3 Lacs & the total turn over by these units is appox. 9
of agriculture implements units have increased, At present 30
units are engaged in this line. These units have been providing
employment to 160 persons & total investment on plant &
machinery is 862.64 Lacs .
The fabrication units are
mostly located at Jind, Narwana, Safidon, Uchana and Julana.
These units are engaged in the manufacturing of Steel truncks,
machine cases, brackets, milk cases etc.
The scope of steel
Fabrication has increased. Mainly the units have been set up at
Jind, Safidon, Narwana, Uchana, & truck body & vehicle body are
manufactured. These 18 units have investment of 3.60 Lacs &
providing employment to 90 persons. The total approximate
production is 26.40 Lacs.
Paper Board: -
The unit was started at
Gunkali (Jind Tehsil with a capital investment of Rs. 5 Lakh.
Besides the unit set up at Gulkani, the units are producing Mil
Board/Card board Jacquard Board, these units are providing
employment to 90 persons.
Sugar And Khandsari: -
manufacturing Sugar and Khandsari is located at Jind. The unit
was started with a capital investment of Rs. 5.20 lakh. The Gur
& Khansari units are closed only Sugar mill is constructed under
cooperative sector at Village Jhanj. The total investment on
plant & machinery is 1075 lacs, providing employment to 1100
persons and total production in 1999 was 18077 MT. value of Rs.
Leather Goods: -
industry exists on a small scale as well as on a cottage level
in the district.
The fashions for
Desi Juti has decreased. Plastic chapples shoes have taken the
place of Desi Juti. The demand for Tila Juti is increasing
day-by-day Narwana the only city where tila jutis being are
manufactured in bulk. There are about 230 units in this distt.
engaged in manufacturing of Juti making which are providing
employment to 890 persons having the investment of 4.60 Lacs
producing the items of Rs. 165 Lacs. The tila Juti are also sold
in the neighboring distts. i.e. Rotec & Sonepat. Tila Juttis are
also sold in neighboring Distts. of Punjab and U.P.
Ban & Rope Making:
The over increasing demand
for ban and ropes has been attracting more and more producers in
the manufacture of these commodities in the district. Ban is
made with the hand –driven machines. Now the power driven ban
making machine has taken the place of hand driven machines.
Recently 2 units at Safidon and one unit at Jind for
manufacturing of ban have come up.
Niwar Manufacturing: -
Manufacturing of cotton niwar is mainly confined to Narwana and
Jind. The installed capacity of these units is about Rs. 61 lakh.
The manufacturing of cotton niwar has lost its popularity.
are only 3 units one at Narwana &two at Safidon engaged in
Manufacturing of Niwar The plastic niwar has taken the place of
It is an old cottage industry
which continues to function in villages and urban areas. Mostly
local shoemakers consume the product. The Leather Tanning
Industries in this Distt. has come to a stand still due to
pollution. There are about 5 units in this Distt. out of which 2
units are at Narwana & these units are providing employment to
60 persons & the production is 15 Lacs annually approximately.
Two factories at Jind and
Narwana are engaged in ginning and processing cotton. The number
of cotton-ginning units has increased. At present there are 23
cotton saw ginning plants in Uchana, Narwana & Julana, Jind
block having 16 Lacs value of plant & machinery. The total
production is 23000 bales, value of Rs. 1530 Lacs & provided
employment to 2000 persons. Besides this, there are 80
cotton-ginning units, which are in production.
With the green revolution the
nos. of units for Rice-shelling has increased. Jind Distt. is
richer for growing the paddy. Safidon Block is on the top &
famous for Rice in India. There are 56 Rice mills in this Distt.
having an Investment of 3 Crores providing employment to 1200
The production of Gram in
this Distt. has decreased because the area has become totally
tubewell/canal irrigated. There are only 4 units in this Distt.
which are producing Gram-Dal having the investment of 6 Lacs on
plant & machinery .
Gur and Khandsari
The Gur & Khandsari units are
not allowed in the village without the prior approval of Sugar
Mill/Cane Commissioner due to supply of cane to the sugar Mill.
development is looked after by the District Industries Officer,
Jind who is assisted by 4 Inspectors and 4 block level extension
officers (industries). The block level extension officers help
rural industrialisation. The District Industries Officer
functions under the overall control of the Director of
Industries Haryana, Chandigarh.
The government assists the entrepreneurs in respect of finance,
raw material, marketing, industrial training and common facility
centres. These facilities are discussed briefly.
Loans are advanced to the
small scale industries for the construction of factory building,
purchase of machinery, equipments and working capital to the
extent of Rs. 1 Lacs against a tangible security either of the
applicant or of his surety. Such loans are given up to 50 per
cent of the value of the security offered. Loans upto Rs. 5,000
are granted against one personal surety having solvent property
for double the value of the loan applied for. A provision to
advance loans up to Rs. 1,000 against a certificate of credit-worthness
has been introduced for the benefit of village artisans and
Finance Corporation, Haryana, Khadi & Village Industries Board,
Chandigarh also advance loans for the promotion of Village
Industries. Now Khadi Village Industries Commission(KVIC) has
also started to advance the loan to the industrial units with
the margin money scheme/subsidy.
Supply Of Machinery On Hire-Purchase Bases
National Small Industries Corporation, an agency founded and
controlled by the Government of India, supplies machinery to
small scale units on hire-purchase basis on easy terms on the
recommendations of the state government. After the initial
payment of five to ten percent of the total cost of machinery
and equipment by the loanee, the remaining amount is paid by him
in easy annual instalments.
Haryana State Small Industries and Export Corporation, a state
undertaking also supplies machinery on hire-purchase basis. It
provides financial assistance upto Rs. 50,000 in each individual
case at a nominal rate of interest. The intending entrepreneur
gives only a marginal of 10% of the cost of machinery with one
Supply Of Raw Material
The Haryana State Small
Industries and Export Corporation procures and distributes
indigenous and imported raw material. The industrial units are
allotted raw material on the basis of their assessed capacity,
the supply being increased by 50 per cent in the case of Jind
Corporation also provides the marketing assistance to the rural
industries set up in the villages
The district was declared an
industrially backward area by the government of India in 1971.
Consequently subsidy on fixed capital investment, exemption from
electricity duty, property tax and octroi for some period and
interest free loan in lieu of inter-state tax are provided as
special incentives. These incentives and facilities provided by
the central and state governments are designed to attract new
entrepreneurs to set up industrial units in this district.
Department Of Industries also
provides the facility for the supply of coal/coke to the
industrial units. There are 4 units which are availing the coal
facility in this Distt.
The state govt. i.e.
HSIDC is developing mini industrial estate known as Udog Kunj.
It was conceived in the year 1993-94. The total task of
developing Udyog Kunj with a sum of Rs. 2 crore given to the
Corporation Julana has been achieved. The total plan/progress of
the Udog Kunj is given as under:
5.073 (41Kanal 12 Marlas)
Date of possession given to HSIDC
Detail of plots 20’x46’
Detail of sheds:-
(a) Constructed 18’x45’ .4.1/2
(b) To be constructed 18’x45’. 4. ½
6 Rates of shed 84000/-
Yet to be finalised
7. Rates of Plots
18000/- by HSIDC.
No. of application
Sponsored to HSIDC
Sheds/Plots have not been
allotted to the entrepreneurs due to non finalisation of exact
rate/price of sheds/plots by HSIDC. The matter is lying with
There was no facility of
electricity in rural area of the district before 1956. However,
diesel generating sets were functioning in towns. Diesel, oil
and steam was used for dal flour grinding, oil seed crushing,
rice husking, saw, illing and cotton ginning. With the
availability of hydro-electric power from Bhakra Nangal Project,
all villages and towns of the district were electrified by 1970.
The Executive Engineer (operations), Haryana State Electricity
Board(HSEB), Jind controls the distribution of electricity
almost in the entire district. The supply to 30 villages of the
district is controlled by Kaithal, Panipat and Fatehabad
Industries labour is
generally drawn from Punjab and Uttar Pradesh and also from
nearby village. Rural labour return to their villages after
work. There is scarcity of skilled labour . The unskilled labour
is available in abundance except during the peak agricultural
season. New industrial units have provided subsidiary
occupations to partially employed agricultural labourers but
some of the industries too have a seasonal nature of work.
The development of
industrial cooperatives in the district is entrusted to the
Industrial Assistant Registrar, Hisar, who is assisted by one
Inspector and two sub- Inspectors. Considerable progress has
been made by industrial cooperatives in the district since