DISTRICT JIND
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Historical   Background                                 

        In the past only cottage industries like gold and silver smitheries, carpentry, oil pressing, tanning and leather working, pottery , weaving and stamping of cloth existed. The Chhimbas (stampers) in Jind and Safidon stamped coarse country cloth like razais (quilts) toshaks (bed cloth) jajam (floor cloth and chint. Raja Raghbir Singh (1864-1887) of erstwhile Jind State took a keen interest in encouraging local arts and manufacturers. He sent various workmen in gold, silver, wood, etc. to Roorki (UP) and other places to learn the higher branches of their crafts.

 

                   The mineral wealth of the district is confined to saltpetre, kankar and stone. Crude saltpetre was prepared in many places in the district and was refined in state refineries at Jind and Safidon, which were opened by the ruler of erstwhile princely Jind State.

 

                   Towards the close of the 19th century or in the beginning of the 20th century, two cotton-ginning factories were opened at Narwana and Jind. The district did not make much headway in the industrial sphere up to the Independence or rather up to the formation of Haryana.

 

                   Before 1966, there were only 3 important units for the manufacture of cycles, clinical laboratory thermometers and water pipefitting.

 

                   With the emergence of Haryana as a separate State in 1966, began the real process of industrialization in the district. Several small-scale industrial units for the manufacture of radio and electrical good, fabrication of cement jallis, soap and candles etc. were set up in urban areas. Some more important units manufacturing agricultural implements, chemicals, thermometers, surgical cotton, foundries, screws, plastic products, paper-board, coke briquettes, etc. were established after 1968. The first large-scale industrial unit was the Milk Plant at Jind, which came into existence in 1970. Another unit for the manufacture of steel products was set up in 1973. Industry in the district received a further fillip with the establishment of a cattle feed plant in 1974.

 

                   Some more important units engaged in manufacturing of items such as surgical cotton, bio-coal, rice mills, handloom & weaving tractor bushes, water taps, bread, biscuits, wooden & steel furniture, cotton yarn, medicines, leather chemicals, PVC Pipes, washing powder & soap, tin container, railway components i.e. rail elastic clips, oil refinery, vanspati ghee, sprinklers leather shoes, electric madhani, ceiling fans, cooler & general rep., foundries, tyre resole-retreading, plastic dhana, hand made papers, cattle feed & poultry feed, gypsum board, disposal syringes & needles, printing paper, flour mils & LPG storage & bottling have also come into existance.

 

 

Milk Plant, Jind

 

Milk Plant, Jind was the first modern dairy plant set up in public sector by Haryana Dairy Development Corporation in 1971 with the objective to provide market for surplus milk in the state. Haryana is rich in milk production and surplus milk in the state can play vital role in improving socio-economic conditions of farmers in general and that of landless farmers in particular. As an outcome of pursuance of its objective, it has also made pure, safe & wholesome milk products available to the urban consumer at reasonable rate while at the same   time ensuring attractive price of milk to farmers.

 

Spread over 18 acres of land in Jind district, the plant with a capacity to process one Lac liter of milk per day manufactures VITA milk products.  Collection of milk from districts of Jind, Hisar and Fatehabad is done through network of Cooperative societies in villages from where fresh milk is transported to the plant every morning and evening. This milk is converted into premium quality milk powder, ghee, paneer and polypack milk for sale in Delhi and other areas.

 

Presently the plant is being managed by milk union, Jind which is member of Haryana Dairy Development Co-operative Federation Ltd. and has membership of 600 village Co-operative Societies. More than 20000 families largely consisting of farmers having small land and holdings are the beneficiaries of its operations. Its existence and active intervention has ensured attractive return to the milk producers and facilities like supply of cattle feed and seed etc.

 

In the milk ahead area, there are 805 villages and estimated daily milk production is 25.46 Lacs liters per day, out of which 6.62 Lacs liters is marketable surplus. The plant has planned to increase its handling capacity to 2 Lacs liters of milk per day by 2004. During last three years, performance of Plant & Union has been as under: -

 

                                                         

 

1997-98

1998-99

1999-00

1. Average Milk procured per day

41000

43000

46000

2. Average price paid to producers

   9.62

         9.65

      10.54

3. No. of Society

    413

          520

     537

4. No. of Members

       9800

11760

12360

5. Milk Powder Production (MT

    433

          279

         398

6. Ghee Production(MT)

   751

     764

      848

7. Paneer Production(MT)

   113

    281

      289

8. Cattle feed sale(MT)

     660

     976

      613

 

To meet the demand of milk in Jind city as a result of rapid urbanization, the plant  has started supply of polyback milk in Jind. With the help of local administration process of setting up milk booths in different localities has been initiated. This will ensure availability of unadulterated and wholesome milk and milk products to the consumers at reasonable price.

The Jind Co-op Sugar Mills Ltd. Jind

Established-                                         February 16,1985

Cost                                                    Rs. 10,41,74,000

Crushing capacity                                  125 tons sugarcane daily

Profit till 1999-2000                                Rs. 1140.64 Lacs

Production of Sugar                                1,94,515 Gunny bags

in crushing season 1999-2000

Sugarcane Crushed                                 22.15 Lacs Quintal

Recovery of Sugar                                  8.75%

Production of Sugar in                             1,81,796 Gunny Bags

Crushing Season 1998-99.

Sugar Cane Crushed                                21.00 Lacs Quintal

Recovery of Sugar                                  8.64 %

          The mills provide interest free loan for seed of sugarcane. 25% Subsidy is provided for seed and land treatment. Three hot air units have been established in the mill for free seed treatment. The mill has 23,159 acar land under Sugarcane for the year 2000-2001.

          The mill have a loss of Rs. 484.94 Lacs in the year 1999-2000 due to less recovery of Sugar and increase of Sugarcane rate. About 1000 people have been given employment by the mill.

          The mill achieved third position in the Country in the year 1991-92. It achieved first position of technical skill in the year 1992-93, 1993-94 and 1995-96 and second position in the year1997-98.

                                               

Hafed Cattle Feed Plant, Jind

                The cattle feed plant was set up in 1974 with a capital investment of Rs. 47.30 lacs. It is a limited concern in the public sector under Haryana State Co-operative Supply and Marketing Federation Ltd. Chandigarh, with an installed capacity of 5 tonnes per hour. The raw material for the plant is obtained from the markets of Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pardesh and Bombay.  The cattle feed produced in the plant is marketed all over Haryana.

                                     

          The unit is working properly.  The unit has increased the investment. At present the total capital investment of Plant & Machinery in Rs. 38.85 Lacs & has provided employment to 58 persons having the production capacity of 312.75 Lacs. The demand of item has increased in the rural areas owing to fast increasing in the population of livestock & the product has achieved popularity among the villagers.

Industrial Cables (India) Ltd. Kila Zafargarh (Jind Tehsil)

                This unit was commissioned at Zafargarh, in 1973 with a capital investment of Rs. 117.50 Lacs.  It is private limited company with an installed capacity of 19,000 tonnes of steel wires per annum.

Small Scale Industries

 

Agricultural Implements: -

The manufacturing of agricultural implements was on a small scale as well as on cottage level. The small scale units manufacture harrows, ploughs, wheat threshers, persian wheels, levellers coulters etc. and are located at Jind, Narwana, Julana and Safidon.

 

                   Quite a large number of units engaged in manufacturing of agricultural implements such as harrows, trolley, cultivater, land leveler, wheat thresher Cart, plough have also increased. The demand for these items remains constant in the market. The modern age is the age of machinery. Better Agricultural machinery is used for better crops & cultivation of land.

Woolen Blankets:

There were three units at Safidon for the manufacture of blankets and loies in 1974-75. These units got their raw material from Panipat. Their installed capacity was about Rs. 5 Lacs and they gave employment to 20 persons on a regular basis and to about 50 female workers on a part time basis.

                   Safidon, Narwana & Pillukhera are the 3 blocks in which woolen blankets loi are knitted through khadi system. There is no power loom for blankets manufacturing. The other khadi units are working in this district, which provided employment to 300 persons.

Industrial Thermometers: -

There was three units at Jind engaged in the production of thermometers in 1974-75. These units employed 20 persons and produced thermometers worth Rs. 2.50 lakh. Their product is sold in the market of Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mysore and Madras.

                   Two units were set up in this distt. for thermometers manufacturing. But at present these have ceased functioning .

Foundry: -

                There are three units in the district which are engaged in the production of weights and measures, weighing scales anges for diesel engines and chaff-cutting machines.

There are foundries in Narwana block, which are manufacturing Toka Machines (chaff cutter), which are operated manually & with power operated. These units have provided employment to 300 persons.
                               The demand for steel boxes drums & sewing machines covers were increased. Trunk-Petties are cheapest mode of transportation & from safety point of view. The sewing machines covers have also demand in the market. Because in the rural areas, the people prefer the steel almirah chair table, folding bed etc. There are about 150 units, which are providing employment to 600 persons.  The total investment is 3 Lacs & the total turn over by these units is appox.  9 Crores.

                   The number of agriculture implements units have increased, At present 30 units are engaged in this line.  These units have been providing employment to 160 persons & total investment on plant & machinery is 862.64 Lacs .

Fabrication: -

                The fabrication units are mostly located at Jind, Narwana, Safidon, Uchana and Julana. These units are engaged in the manufacturing of Steel truncks, machine cases, brackets, milk cases etc.

          The scope of steel Fabrication has increased. Mainly the units have been set up at Jind, Safidon, Narwana, Uchana, & truck body & vehicle body are manufactured. These 18 units have investment of 3.60 Lacs & providing employment to 90 persons. The total approximate production is 26.40 Lacs.

Paper Board: -

                The unit was started at Gunkali (Jind Tehsil with a capital investment of Rs. 5 Lakh. Besides the unit set up at Gulkani, the units are producing Mil Board/Card board Jacquard Board, these units are providing employment to 90 persons.

Sugar And Khandsari: -        

The factory manufacturing Sugar and Khandsari is located at Jind. The unit was started with a capital investment of Rs. 5.20 lakh. The Gur & Khansari units are closed only Sugar mill is constructed under cooperative sector at Village Jhanj. The total investment on plant & machinery is 1075 lacs, providing employment to 1100 persons and total production in 1999 was 18077 MT. value of Rs. 2224.29 Lacs.

Leather Goods: -

This industry exists on a small scale as well as on a cottage level in the district.

          The fashions for Desi Juti has decreased. Plastic chapples shoes have taken the place of Desi Juti. The demand for Tila Juti is increasing day-by-day Narwana the only city where tila jutis being are manufactured in bulk. There are about 230 units in this distt. engaged in manufacturing of Juti making which are providing employment to 890 persons having the investment of 4.60 Lacs producing the items of Rs. 165 Lacs. The tila Juti are also sold in the neighboring distts. i.e. Rotec & Sonepat. Tila Juttis are also sold in neighboring Distts. of Punjab and  U.P. 

Ban & Rope Making:

 The over increasing demand for ban and ropes has been attracting more and more producers in the manufacture of these commodities in the district. Ban is made with the hand driven machines. Now the power driven ban making machine has taken the place of hand driven machines. Recently 2 units at Safidon and one unit at Jind for manufacturing of ban have come up.

Niwar Manufacturing: -

        Manufacturing of cotton niwar is mainly confined to Narwana and Jind. The installed capacity of these units is about Rs. 61 lakh. The manufacturing of cotton niwar has lost its popularity. There                                        

are only 3 units one at Narwana &two at Safidon engaged in Manufacturing of Niwar The plastic niwar has taken the place of cotton niwar.

Leather Tanning-

                                It is an old cottage industry which continues to function in villages and urban areas. Mostly local shoemakers consume the product. The Leather Tanning Industries in this Distt. has come to a stand still due to pollution. There are about 5 units in this Distt. out of which 2 units are at Narwana & these units are providing employment to 60 persons  & the production is 15 Lacs annually approximately.

Agro-Based Industries

Cotton-Ginning

                                Two factories at Jind and Narwana are engaged in ginning and processing cotton. The number of cotton-ginning units has increased. At present there are 23 cotton saw ginning plants in Uchana, Narwana & Julana, Jind block having 16 Lacs value of plant & machinery. The total production is 23000 bales, value of Rs. 1530 Lacs & provided employment to 2000 persons. Besides this, there are 80 cotton-ginning units, which are in production.

Rice-Shelling

                With the green revolution the nos. of units for Rice-shelling has increased. Jind Distt. is richer for growing the paddy. Safidon Block is on the top & famous for Rice in India. There are 56 Rice mills in this Distt. having an Investment of 3 Crores providing employment to 1200 persons.

Dal- milling            

                The production of Gram in this Distt. has decreased because the area has become totally tubewell/canal irrigated. There are only 4 units in this Distt. which are producing Gram-Dal having the investment of 6 Lacs on plant & machinery .

Gur and Khandsari    

The Gur & Khandsari units are not allowed in the village without the prior approval of Sugar Mill/Cane Commissioner due to supply of cane to the sugar Mill.

 

Govt. Assistance

 Industrial development is looked after by the District Industries Officer, Jind who is assisted by 4 Inspectors and 4 block level extension officers (industries). The block level extension officers help rural industrialisation. The District Industries Officer functions under the overall control of the Director of Industries Haryana, Chandigarh.

                             The government assists the entrepreneurs in respect of finance, raw material, marketing, industrial training and common facility centres. These facilities are discussed briefly.

                                               

Finance Assistance

          Loans are advanced to the small scale industries for the construction of factory building, purchase of machinery, equipments and working capital  to the extent of Rs. 1 Lacs against a tangible security either of the applicant or of his surety. Such loans are given up to 50 per cent of the value of the security offered.  Loans upto Rs. 5,000 are granted against one personal surety having solvent property for double the value of the loan applied for. A provision to advance loans up to Rs. 1,000 against a certificate of credit-worthness has been introduced for the benefit of  village artisans and craftsmen.                

                   Haryana Finance Corporation, Haryana,  Khadi & Village Industries Board, Chandigarh also advance loans for the promotion of Village Industries. Now Khadi Village Industries Commission(KVIC) has also started to advance the loan to the industrial units with the margin money scheme/subsidy.

Supply Of Machinery On Hire-Purchase Bases

 The National Small Industries Corporation, an agency founded and controlled by the Government of India, supplies machinery to small scale units on hire-purchase basis on easy terms on the recommendations of the state government. After the initial payment of five to ten percent of the total cost of machinery and equipment by the loanee, the remaining amount is paid by him in easy annual instalments.

                   The Haryana State Small Industries and Export Corporation, a state undertaking also supplies machinery on hire-purchase basis. It provides financial assistance upto Rs. 50,000 in each individual case at a nominal rate of interest. The intending entrepreneur gives only a marginal of 10% of the cost of machinery with one solvent surety.

                  

Supply Of Raw Material    

The Haryana State Small Industries and Export Corporation procures and distributes indigenous and imported raw material. The industrial units are allotted raw material on the basis of their assessed capacity, the supply being increased by 50 per cent in the case of Jind district.

 

                             The Corporation also provides the marketing assistance to the rural industries set up in the villages

Special Incentives

                The district was declared an industrially backward area by the government of India in 1971. Consequently subsidy on fixed capital investment, exemption from electricity duty, property tax and octroi for some period and interest free loan in lieu of inter-state tax are provided as special incentives. These incentives and facilities provided by the central and state governments are designed to attract new entrepreneurs to set up industrial units in this district.

                                                Department Of Industries also provides the facility for the supply of coal/coke to the industrial units. There are 4 units which are availing the coal facility in this Distt.

 

Settting Up Of A Udog Kunj

                             The state govt. i.e. HSIDC is developing mini industrial estate known as Udog Kunj. It was conceived in the year 1993-94. The total task of developing Udyog Kunj with a sum of Rs. 2 crore given to the Corporation Julana has been achieved. The total plan/progress of the Udog Kunj is given as under:

1. Location

Shadipur(Julana)

2. Total Area developed

5.073 (41Kanal 12 Marlas)

3. Date of possession given to HSIDC

    9.11.1995

4. Detail of plots              20x46

                                      20x50

                                      25x55

50 Nos

20 Nos

3  Nos

5. Detail of sheds:-

(a)      Constructed    18x45 .4.1/2

(b)     To be constructed 18x45. 4.

 

50Nos

20Nos

6        Rates of shed        84000/-

 Yet to be finalised

7.       Rates of Plots

18000/-   by HSIDC.

8.         No. of application

          Sponsored to HSIDC

   27 Nos

 

NOTE:-       Sheds/Plots have not been allotted to the entrepreneurs due to non finalisation of exact rate/price of sheds/plots by HSIDC. The matter is lying with HSIDC.

 

Source Of Power ( Electricity)

                                                There was no facility of electricity in rural area of the district before 1956. However, diesel generating sets were functioning in towns. Diesel, oil and steam was used for dal flour grinding, oil seed crushing, rice husking, saw, illing and cotton ginning. With the availability of hydro-electric power from Bhakra Nangal Project, all villages and towns of the district were electrified by 1970.

                             The Executive Engineer (operations), Haryana State Electricity Board(HSEB), Jind controls the distribution of electricity almost in the entire district. The supply to 30 villages of the district is controlled by Kaithal, Panipat and Fatehabad divisions.

                                 

Industrial Labour

                             Industries labour is generally drawn from Punjab and Uttar Pradesh and also from nearby village. Rural labour return to their villages after  work. There is scarcity of skilled labour . The unskilled labour is available in abundance except during the peak agricultural season.   New industrial units have provided subsidiary occupations to partially employed agricultural labourers but some of the industries too have a seasonal nature of work.

Industrial Cooperatives

                             The development of industrial cooperatives in the district is entrusted to the Industrial Assistant Registrar, Hisar, who is assisted by one Inspector and two sub- Inspectors. Considerable progress has been made by industrial cooperatives in the district since 1966-67.

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